Sarto, Andrea del


Sarto, Andrea del
(1486-1530)
   Florentine painter who trained in the studio of Piero di Cosimo, an artist known mainly for his mythic landscapes inhabited by strange creatures. Andrea del Sarto did not adopt his master's peculiar subjects. Instead, he was deeply influenced by the art of Leonardo, Raphael, and Fra Bartolomeo. As a result, his figures are elegant and monumental, his compositions rational and balanced, and his colors harmonious. By the second decade of the 16th century, with the absence of Michelangelo and Raphael from Florence and Leonardo now deceased, del Sarto became the city's leading painter. His Annunciation (1512; Florence, Palazzo Pitti) is an early work created for the Monastery of San Gallo in Florence. It is unusual in that the archangel Gabriel is placed on the right, instead of the more common left. Also, the Virgin is standing, not sitting, and the scene takes place in front of a temple and not the customary domestic setting. The softness of contours and hazy quality in this work, particularly around the figures' eyes, are the result of del Sarto's implementation of Leonardo's sfumato technique.
   Del Sarto's Madonna of the Harpies (1517; Florence, Uffizi) is his best-known work and belongs to his mature style. Here, St. John the Baptist, who holds a book, relies on one of the figures in Raphael's School of Athens in the Stanza della Segnatura (1510-1511) at the Vatican, though the sculptural approach to draperies and figures is Michelangelesque. This work is as unconventional as his earlier Annunciation. The Virgin is not enthroned but stands above a pedestal decorated with harpies, female winged monsters from mythology who carry away the souls of the dead. Del Sarto's Lamentation (1524; Florence, Palazzo Pitti) he painted for the Church of San Pietro in Luco, where he and his family spent some time to save themselves from the plague that struck Florence in 1523. The work is an illustration of the doctrine of transubstantiation when the blessed host becomes the actual body and blood of Christ as signaled by the chalice, paten, and host stacked in front of Christ's dead body. Here, Andrea opted for an unconventional X-shaped composition, instead of the preferred pyramidal arrangements of his contemporaries. Among Andrea's late works is the Assumption of the Virgin (1526-1529; Florence, Palazzo Pitti), painted for the Church of San Antonio dei Servi in Cortona and financed by Margherita Passerini whose namesaint, Margaret of Cortona, is included in the painting. Del Sarto trained a number of important masters in his workshop, among them Jacopo da Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino, and Giorgio Vasari.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarto, Andrea del — • Artist • Born at Florence in 1486; d. there in 1531 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sarto, Andrea del — ► (1486 1531) Seudónimo de Andrea d´Agnolo, pintor florentino. Es considerado uno de los artistas más notables del Renacimiento por la belleza formal de sus lienzos. Autor de Madonna del Sacco y Sagrada Familia, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrea del Sarto — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrea del Sarto Autorretrato, 1528, Florencia, Galería Uffizi. Nombre real Agnolo di Francesco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrea Del Sarto — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sarto. Andrea del Sarto Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrea del sarto — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sarto. Andrea del Sarto Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andréa Del Sarto — Andrea del Sarto Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sarto. Andrea del Sarto Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrea Del Sarto —     Andrea del Sarto     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Andrea del Sarto     (ANDREA D AGNOLO)     Born at Florence in 1486; d. there in 1531. He received the surname Sarto from the fact that he was the son of a tailor. At first he was the pupil of an …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ANDREA DEL SARTO — (1486 1531) Vasari raconte que le jeune Andrea del Sarto, au temps de son apprentissage chez Piero di Cosimo, passait tous ses instants de liberté dans la «Salle du pape» à Sainte Marie Nouvelle, où étaient exposés le carton de Michel Ange pour… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Andrea del Sarto — see SARTO Andrea del …   English World dictionary

  • Andrea del Sarto — For the 1855 poem by Robert Browning, see Andrea del Sarto (poem). Andrea del Sarto Self portrait [a] Birth name Andrea d Agnolo di …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.